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Weight loss: closing the stomach or changing our bacteria

When we are trying to lose weight we rarely consider the bacteria that live in our gut, i.e. the gut microbiota. But the truth is that they really can help us lose those extra pounds and maintain physical fitness.

The gut microbiota is a whole new world that the scientific community is currently studying, discovering fascinating relationships between microorganisms and our bodies and its functions. Obesity and weight loss are not an exception.

These issues are two socially and individually "hot topics". You can find articles, books, TV programs, posts, etc. talking about them almost everywhere. But very few talk about weight loss signals (such as an enjoyable, healthy breakfast) or weight gain ones (sugars and sweeteners) that can affect our metabolism.

Attention is always placed on what enters the organism or on what it utilizes, and rarely on how the body regulates its consumption.

We have treated obese or overweight people for years through specific therapeutic pathways that study precisely these aspects, starting from the fattening effects of food-related inflammation.

Unfortunately today, in severe obesity cases we also reach the closing of the stomach, and for many patients, bariatric surgery (the intervention that reduces the capacity of the stomach) represents the last chance to recover their physical form.

The results of an article published in Nature showed that the metabolic signals of weight loss induced by bariatric surgery are almost immediate. However, they do not depend on the reduction of calories but by the modification of the intestinal bacterial population. Yes, because of those guys in our gut!  The change in our gut microbiota is a consequence of a different production of bile salts in the intestine and by the modulation of a particular nuclear factor (FXR) that stimulates the metabolism.

This data agrees with other research findings on the role played by different probiotics and the signals sent to the organism. This proof describes the active participation by the quality of the chosen food, by the distribution of the food throughout the day, by the integrity of the intestinal barrier, and in particular by the digestive action of the pancreas along with the use of specific probiotics to improve the metabolic function.

The nice thing about these reports is that they clearly point out the fact that now we have so many different possibilities to treat a specific condition. And that these options are not limited only to the measurement of the amount of food we eat, but finally begin to consider it more broadly, using metabolic signals as useful tools in an integrated vision, where probiotics and the Food Inflammation Test are excellent tools.